SCUA News

Special Collections and University Archives

by Audrey Sage

The University of North Carolina at Greensboro’s Special Collections division recently acquired a copy from the limited edition of Louise Levergneux’s book “Surveillance” to add to their artist book collection. This unique work questions the prevalence and abundance of security devices that track our movements and actions, every hour, around the world. She asks, “Who’s watching?” Who monitors and uses these collections of visual data of which we have become, sometimes unknowingly and without consent, a part?

“Is privacy a thing of the past?” We are no longer guaranteed our freedom and anonymity as technology is developed and information is tracked, monitored through facial identification, and logged.

Levergneux photographed security warning signs she encountered while traveling and incorporated these images into her tunnel book, creating an overwhelming view as you look through this passageway of notifications into the lens of a camera. A fake security camera is mounted on the cover alongside a power switch. Once you open the book, timed warning beeps sound and ultimately a flash erupts, to simulate the flash of a camera documenting your exposure.

“CCTV (closed-circuit television) is the bane of mass surveillance, which erodes intellectual freedom and deconstructs the social fabric of our society… Through built-in backdoors, security agencies can tune in to our phone calls, read our messages, capture our photo, look through our emails, steal our files … Anywhere, 24/7!”  -Levergneux

Housing this artist book was essential for us to protect and preserve its carefully constructed format.  The mechanism requires two AA batteries, that the artist recommends storing separately when not in use.      

   

We designed a box that has a peek-a-boo circular window over the security camera dome. The volume slides into the housing recess, under side ridges that hold the book in place, keeping the book secured when the clamshell enclosure is moved. There is a small, covered compartment to store the batteries with an interior strap that lifts the batteries forward, simplifying retrieval. 

Louise Levergneux’s Surveillance presents us with a moment or two to reflect upon those who surveil, among other things. To what end is this data being collected, for what use? This data has proven to be useful, to protect victims and identify those up to no good.  This data has conversely been used by those up to no good, harming and manipulating individuals.  We have slowly and steadily found ourselves living in a world where nearly everything we do can be monitored, blindly enjoying the conveniences and thrills of technology, and like the frog in the frying pan, as the heat rises, we find it may be too late to hop out.

For more information about this artist, please visit her website: https://louiselevergneux.com/

Bars and clubs have been important social, cultural, and political spaces for the LGBTQ+ community for many years. In addition to providing a (relatively) safe space for meeting new people and socializing with friends in an era when open socializing had many potential negative consequences, bars also provided a palace for sharing of political and health-related information, particularly during the AIDS crisis. Many bar owners were also active in the community, hosting fundraisers and providing meeting space for community groups. Bars also provided a very specific place where newcomers and visitors could introduce themselves to the community and begin becoming  a part of that community. Greensboro was somewhat unique among Southern cities of its size in that it often was home to multiple bars serving the LGBTQ+ community, starting with the General Greene Grill downtown in the late 1950s and into the present with Chemistry and Twist Lounge. Bars specifically focused on an LGBTQ+ clientele have become smaller and less a part of everyday life for the community than in the past, but still provide a valuable social outlet for many members of the community, preserving an important historical and cultural link.

Staff of XTC c. 1990s

If you are strolling through Jackson Library, take the time to drop by and check out our new exhibit by the reference desk, “Out for the Evening, a Taste of Gay Nightlife in Greensboro.” The material featured in this exhibit is part of the PRIDE of the Community, the first large-scale initiative to document LGBTQ+ history in the Triad region of North Carolina. Originally founded through a National Endowment for the Humanities grant in partnership with the Guilford Green Foundation & LGBTQ Center, this ongoing project collects and makes accessible the rich history of the Triad LGBTQ+ community through community-contributed resources, donated archival materials, oral history interviews, and other outreach activities. If you are interested in learning more about this project, please visit http://go.uncg.edu/pride or contact us at pride@triadhistory.org.

By Katherine Widner

*Katherine Widner was a UNC Greensboro Library and Information Science Student who wrote this article in conjunction with her final Capstone Project, the North Carolina Cookbook Storymap.

In my work with the NC Cookbook Collection of the Martha Blakeney Hodges Special Collections and University Archives here at UNC Greensboro, I’ve come to learn a lot about traditional southern ideas and ideals. Though the cookbook collection has a wide variety of cookbooks all created with different purposes in mind and all coming from different entities over the last 80 or so years, there was one particular thing about this collection that caught my attention immediately when I began my work. Currently, there are 80 books in the collection that have been cataloged, 30 of those have been digitized and, of course, the collection is ever-expanding. But in mapping the basic data of these books, it becomes obvious that a huge majority of the collection, currently, is church cookbooks.

Figure #1

When I realized that so many of the books were created and disseminated by churches and church communities, I was intrigued. I found myself wondering why there were so many church cookbooks, and what all these books have to say about our ideas surrounding church itself—be it religion, faith, or just the idea of fellowship in general. The more I explored these texts, the more I recognized that it is in the shared similarities and the distinct differences between each book’s stories and histories that the truth rests.

Before I delve into my findings and thoughts, I do think it is important to also note that this collection is a work-in-progress (as all collections are, really). Though I will state my thoughts about the books I worked with this semester, I think it’s important to remember that this is not the entirety of the collection at all. Though all of the religions in the books in the collection right now are Christian or Christ-centric religions, that doesn’t mean that there aren’t other religions yet to be cataloged or digitized. I also think it’s important to note the variety of denominations within the spectrum of Christianity that are currently represented in the collection because it not only gives us an idea of denominational trends in cookbooks over the years, but it also gives us a rough sketch of the history of our state. Additionally, in the creation of this StoryMap project, we can further map denominational clusters in different regions of North Carolina, as well as work to highlight trends or denominations that may be often overlooked or purposefully ignored. These are all prospective ideas for the future, however, so for the time being I will focus on my work with the present collection.

Figure #2

As previously mentioned, the books in the collection currently are Christian or Christ-centric religions. This is particularly interesting because the Bible of Christian tradition is centered, believe it or not, all around food. From the forbidden fruit in Genesis to the Marriage Supper of the Lamb in Revelation, with every story and parable one can find faith, food, and fellowship. Food in the Christian tradition, be it metaphorical or literal, has a rich history that has been documented and practiced by many. The very person the whole religion is centered around, Jesus Christ, was (according to different testimonies) a man who liked food and partook in meals and feasts quite often, even using food to teach his people ideas surrounding religion. In fact, throughout his life, food was an important part of his teachings. He celebrated Passover and the Lenten season, he often fasted, and he prayed and thanked God before his meals. He provided food for over 5,000 people from only five loaves and two fish, and he also turned water to wine. He often used food in his stories to help relate his message to his followers, as can be evidenced in the parables of the cursed fig tree and the leaven, to name only a few. He is said to have shared meals with people seen as social pariahs, such as tax collectors, uninvited guests, and people who thought themselves (and were often viewed by others) as small and unworthy. Before his death, which he knew was coming, he sat with his disciples and had a feast (the “last supper”) where he told people that his body was bread, and his blood was wine—that he was the lamb of God, sent to be sacrificed to save the world. Even after his death and resurrection, he revealed himself as a stranger to some of his disciples on the road, and it was only when they sat down to eat a meal together that they realized, through how he spoke and broke his bread, that he was Jesus. Through everything Jesus did, and throughout the history of Christianity, one can always find food. The question remains, however, why? What is it about food that is so important to religion and, more specifically, Christianity?

Though there are truly no correct answers to these questions, I feel like the cookbooks in our collection help to shed light on the mystery. In these cookbooks you don’t typically find recipes entrenched in the Christian tradition (like Jesus’ homemade apple pie recipe, for instance). Instead, you find a hodgepodge of hand-me-downs—a patchwork quilt made of the lives of normal people. Though the people behind these books practice Christianity today in modern churches, their version of Christianity is not the same as it has always been, and in examining these cookbooks we are able to see snapshots of our history, not as one people united under one religion, but instead as just people, united by the fact that we all love and need food.

So, what do these books have to tell us? At the surface level, it’s easy to assume these church cookbooks are just relics of the past and nothing else, but in examining how they are constructed, the purpose and message of these books becomes more and more evident. Though these books are all from different churches, some of them share the same formulas and layouts (in fact, some even share the same recipes because they used the same publishers). The formula is pretty straightforward: typically, these books start with their cover page, either with a photograph of the church or an illustration of something, and on the pages before the index of recipes (if there is an index—and sometimes, there is not) they usually have the people responsible for the making of the cookbook and/or recipes (such as cookbook committees, youth groups, Sunday school classes, etc.). A lot of times you’ll also find a note from the person in charge such as a pastor or priest, usually with a brief summary of the church’s history, as well as a dedication page to someone important or perhaps even deceased. It’s also very common to see the church’s creed or mission listed and printed (for some reason, there was a trend where the mission was printed on what seems to be a clipart scroll or sheet of paper). There are also, of course, pages with simple prayers or blessings referencing food written on the first few pages (such as, “be present at our table, Lord” or the popular Moravian prayer adapted from a traditional Lutheran prayer, “Come, Lord, Jesus, our Guest to be, And bless these gifts bestowed by Thee”). Though it may not seem like it at first, these similar formulas show a fair amount about these churches and their history.

Though none of the books explicitly explains why the churches are selling or distributing books (one can assume it is for fundraising or community building, typically,) one can still see that these churches find it important, if not necessary, to engage in the long tradition of making and disseminating church cookbooks. Further, though it would be easy to contact a publishing house and purchase a generic, customizable cookbook with recipes and housekeeping tips in it (there are two in this collection that seem to have done that) most of the time, the people of these churches choose to create the cookbooks themselves. They ask parishioners and community members for recipe contributions and in the end, though sometimes they aren’t the prettiest or most professional looking books, they are really the most fascinating and representative of their various communities. In their whimsical illustrations, humorous titles, handwritten marginalia, and funky recipe names (such as Ham Baked in Milk, Chili Cheese Festivity, and ‘Nut Nut’ Pie, to name a few) I believe we can find very authentic reflections of these communities, as well as the time periods in which they were published.

Though commentary on faith, fellowship, and food are typically to be expected when examining church cookbooks, there was one more aspect that really struck me in my work with these books, and that was the role of women. As a woman living in 2021, I don’t associate women with housework or with cooking; I see that as a more antiquated, more conservative idea. In working with these books, I was definitely expecting to see these outdated ideas about female identity at the forefront, obvious and transparent, and in some cases, I did. Surprisingly, however, I most often saw women using their roles as homemakers and cooks as moments of autonomy and power, rather than as submissive objects under the thumb of a father, husband, or other person. Unsurprisingly, a majority of the church cookbooks were made by women, be them women in cookbook committees or in women’s fellowship groups at the church. Further, the women who made these books and/or contributed recipes oftentimes seem, in the texts at least, to be aware of their roles and how they may be viewed by society.

Figure #3

A favorite book of mine from the collection is a prime example of this. The cookbook, Moravian Ministers’ Wives’ Favorite Recipes with Devotional Gems (1973), from Immanuel Moravian Church in Winston-Salem, is specifically by and about women’s’ experiences, and there are many moments throughout the book where the ladies seem to be commenting, tongue-in-cheek, on their roles in the household, the church, and the community. One of the first examples of this comes from the president of the women’s fellowship of the church, Mrs. Eugene F. Grace, who, after thanking those who contributed to the book, inserts a humorous quote: “An ungrateful man is like a squirrel under a tree eating acorns, but never looking up to see where they come from” (p. 000b). Though one could argue this is just supposed to be a witty moment, one could also argue that this moment serves as a nod to the importance of women within the hierarchy of the church, as they are the ones often expected to and entrusted with the duty to provide sustenance and succor to the men in their lives. It’s also interesting to note that the cover of this book has been altered slightly by someone with a pen, who changes the name to Ministers’ Wives’+ Husbands’ Favorite Recipes. Though we could sit and consider forever who altered the title and why they felt compelled to insert “husbands” into this book by and about wives, I think it’s more important to note that the change was made and make of it what we will.

In one of the many food-centric parables of the Bible, Jesus vouches for his disciples to the Pharisees, who are shocked to see them picking grain as they walk in a field on the Sabbath. Jesus reminds them of how the old rules of their religion were broken even by the most pious of men (David) and tells them plainly: “The Sabbath was made to meet the needs of people, and not people to meet the requirements of the Sabbath” (Mark 2:27-28, NLT). That is what I believe these cookbooks show us today. Jesus recognized and preached about the needs of the people being more important than adhering to ritual or tradition, and these books, though they may seem small in the grand scheme of things, continue to teach that message. These cookbooks are not only about community, but they are, most importantly, reflections of fellowship regardless of religion or creed—about faith in one another, as well as in our respective gods and beliefs. The recipes in these books, be them new (in their time period) or passed down through generations, signal how we, as humans, grapple with not only our needs and desires for food, but also how we shape ourselves and our identities around our spiritual beliefs. In the words of author and Episcopal priest Douglas E. Neel, “studies of the mundane topic of food help [us] to understand Jesus’ spiritual teachings: his parables about food and farming, the social and economic climate of the times, the stresses people faced as they sought answers in Jesus.”

References

Holy Bible: New Living Translation. (2004). Tyndale House Publishers, Inc.

Neel, D., & Pugh, J. (2013). The Food and Feasts of Jesus: The Original Mediterranean Diet, with Menus and Recipes (Religion in the Modern World). Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.

Further Reading

Blakemore, E. (2017). What Amateur Cookbooks Reveal About History. JSTOR Daily. https://daily.jstor.org/what-amateur-cookbooks-reveal-about-history/

Church Cookbooks Offer a Taste of Methodist History. (2019). United Methodist Church Online. https://www.umc.org/en/content/church-cookbooks-offer-a-taste-of-methodist-history

Ferguson, K. (2020). Cookbook Politics. University of Pennsylvania Press. https://uncg.on.worldcat.org/oclc/1154615360

Patrick Dollar Acknowledged with the Martha Ransley Staff Service Award

Patrick Dollar

The University Libraries Staff Service Award was established in 1997 upon the retirement of Martha Ransley, former Head of the Circulation Department, “To recognize and reward members of the SHRA Libraries Staff who provide outstanding leadership and service in furthering the accomplishment of the mission of the Libraries to provide service to students, faculty, staff and members of the community which the University serves.

Beth Ann Koelsch Takes Leave

Beth Ann Koelsch

Beth Ann Koelsch, the curator of the Women Veterans Historical Project, will be taking a leave for the fall 2021 semester to conduct research about the experiences of American Servicewomen stationed in South England during the World Wars.

Erin Lawrimore and Colleagues Publish Book

University Archivist and Associate Professor Erin Lawrimore has co-authored a book titled North Carolina Triad Beer: A History. From the book’s description: Now centered on Greensboro, Winston-Salem and High Point, the Triad was home to one of North Carolina’s earliest brewery operations in the Moravian community of Bethabara. Easy access by rail and then highways attracted national breweries, and starting in the 1960s, the region began producing beer for companies like Miller and Schlitz. The passage of the “Pop the Cap” legislation led to an explosion of craft beer and brewpubs, and in 2019, three of the top five producing craft breweries in North Carolina were anchored in the area. Local beer historians Richard Cox, David Gwynn and Erin Lawrimore narrate the history of the Triad brewing industry, from early Moravian communities to the operators of nineteenth-century saloons and from Big Beer factories to modern craft breweries. This book is an extension of Well Crafted NC, a research project focused on documenting this history of beer and brewing in North Carolina. North Carolina Triad Beer: A History is part of The History Press’s American Palate series, and will be available for purchase on July 19, 2021.

End of Prohibition Celebrated in Asheboro!

As part of a larger event celebrating the anniversary of the end of Prohibition in Asheboro (an event discussed in the book!), the Well Crafted NC will have an exhibit and copies of the book on hand at Four Saints Brewing Company in Asheboro on Thursday, July 29th. The celebration begins at 4pm, and a special beer history themed trivia will take place at 7pm.  Four Saints Brewing Company is located at 218 South Fayetteville Street, Asheboro.


High impact student learning is crucial to the academic and professional success of our students. In UNCG Special Collections and University Archives (SCUA), we work closely with various academic departments on our campus to provide opportunities for students to gain real world experience as part of Capstone projects, practicums, and internships. During the Spring semester of 2021, SCUA staff oversaw and guided projects with two graduate students focused on exhibit making, Sarah-Esther Belinga and Matthew McCarthy. The skillset to create and mount exhibits is crucial to museum and archival work. Exhibits are a primary means of displaying and translating history and primary sources to the public in a manner that is informative and visually interesting. Even with small exhibit spaces, considerable effort is required to condense a topic or moment in history into one or two display cases. 

Sarah-Esther Belinga standing with her exhibit in the W.C. Jackson Library

Sarah-Esther Beligna is a graduate student in the Library and Information Science Department. Interested in learning more about textile and artifact preservation and archival description, she spent the semester working with the collection of Dr. James V. Carmichael, a retired professor of the same department whose research interests include gender and sexuality and the history of Southern librarianship. Dr. Carmichael’s collection contains not only his research material, but also a stunning collection of vintage women’s clothing and accessories. Sarah-Esther spent the semester processing the textiles and artifacts in the collection and building a finding aid for the collection. Her final project culminated with the creation of the exhibit, Part Times of the 1930s, which was on display to the public from April until June 2021 in the W.C Jackson Library.

Matthew McCarthy standing with his exhibit in the Greensboro History Museum

Matthew McCathy was a graduate student in the History Department who also graduated in May 2021. Matthew’s Capstone project focus involved working with the PRIDE! of the Community, the first large-scale initiative to document the LGBTQ+ history of the Triad (Greensboro, Winston-Salem, and High Point) area of North Carolina. He processed oral histories, writing transcriptions, indexing, and syncing the video and text to make the material more accessible. As the final product of his project, he collaborated with with the Greensboro History Museum to create an exhibit devoted to the Guilford Alliance for Gay and Lesbian Equality (GAGLE) in the Community Voices exhibit space. GAGLE was an early LGBTQ+ social justice organization in the Triad, founded in 1987. The material featured in this exhibit is derived from the Marnie Thomson Papers, the Triad Health Project Collection, and the David Gwynn Collection. This exhibit is on display from April until July 2021.

RARE BOOKS

Indigenous Woman by Martine Gutierrez (2018)

Indigenous Woman marries the traditional to the contemporary, the native to the post-colonial, and the marginalized to the mainstream in the pursuit of genuine selfhood, revealing cultural inequities along the way. This is a quest for identity. Of my own specifically, yes, but by digging my pretty, painted nails deeply into the dirt of my own image I am also probing the depths for some understanding of identity as a social construction.   

Indigenous Women

The Lonely Girl in the Big City by Louise Shell (1971)

In The Lonely Girl in the Big City by Louise Shell. Boston, Massachusetts: New England Free Press, 1971 Louise Shell moved to Boston from Montgomery, Alabama. She is the mother of a ten year old daughter and a three year old son. She was a licensed practical nurse until an injury on the job made it impossible for her to work any longer. She now has found the time to write, and this is her story of her struggles to overcome her beginnings as a poor black female.

The Lonely Girl in the Big City

After 1921 : Notes from Tulsa’s Black Wall Street and Beyond. Edited by Crystal Z Campbell. First ed.

After 1921: Notes From Tulsa’s Black Wall Street and Beyond is a hybrid  artist book and anthology commemorating the centennial of the 1921 Tulsa Race Massacre. The 1921 Tulsa Race Massacre was one of the largest acts of domestic terrorism on US soil, resulting in the destruction of over 35 blocks of mostly Black owned business and residences, leaving 9,000 Black people dispossessed of home, land, business and community. One-hundred years later, no one has been charged for the crimes, no reparations have been paid, and justice, still, a century later, has not been served. This collection of works reflects on and around the repercussions of this long-silenced event. (https://go.uncg.edu/qx806a )

After 1921: Notes From Tulsa’s Black Wall Street and Beyond

MANUSCRIPTS

Lois Wilson Collection

SCUA recently acquired a collection from North Carolina College for Women (now UNC Greensboro) Class of 1920 alumna, Lois Wilson. This collection includes photos of the Women’s Suffrage Movement on our campus and a photo from the campus’ influenza quarantine.

Student Clown Advocates for women’s suffrage (left) and Students Quarantine During Spanish Flu (right), 1920s.
Photographs Donated by Alumna Lois Wilson

Olufemi Shittu Collection

SCUA recently acquired the activism collection of Olufemi Shittu. This collection contains material related to Shittu’s Civil Rights work, including her work with Ignite NC and the Black Lives Matter Movement.

Items from the Shittu Collection

Photographic Art from the Greensboro Black Lives Matter Art

This recent acquisition, by artist Lakisha Hubacek, is from the Greensboro Black Lives Matter march that took place in the Summer of 2020.

Lakisha Hubacek’s Art

Letters from a WWII Veteran

SCUA recently acquired two letters written by Edward F. Burrows. During World War II, Burrows was a conscientious objector and served time in prison because of his beliefs. During the Vietnam War he counseled young people who held similar beliefs. Throughout his life, Burrows was a member of many organizations interested in the advancement of equal rights for all people, especially in Greensboro. In these letters, Burrows is writing to a young man sentenced to 30 months in the federal reformatory for refusing to register for the draft during WWII.

image
Letters from Edward Burrows

Vintage Hats

Dr. James V. Carmichael, UNCG Library and Information Science professor, donated a collection of vintage women’s hats that will be added to Dr. Carmichael’s manuscript collection, which includes many vintage dresses, costume jewelry, and purses

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What’s new in our collection this week – more vintage 1930s hats in the collection of Dr. James V. Carmichael. One hat is a deep, hunter green velvet with a rhinestone accent, and the second a black felt with a faux pearl accent surrounded by...
Vintage Hat from the Carmichael Collection

WOMEN VETERANS HISTORICAL PROJECT

SCRAPBOOKS

From the Louise MacCloud Collection

Capt. Louise MacLeod served in the United States ANC (Army Nurse Corps) through the Korean War. In the early 1950s she was stationed at the combined 3rd and 14th Field Hospitals in Pusan, Korea and some time at the 343rd Army Hospital in Tokyo, Japan. In Korea, the 3rd and 14th were combined under one command, forming a large general hospital treating POWs direct from battle, as well as injured and sick U.N. casualties. The hospitals treated all kinds of medical conditions there, from amputations to TB, frostbite and gangrene, mental health, even leprosy (one of the photographs shows several leprosy patients). At the facility thousands of patients were housed in tents and huts in barbed wire compounds. The enamel painted wood cover depicts Mount Fuji and a map of Japan.

From the Patricia Ann Roney Collection

Patricia Ann Roney served in the United States Navy WAVES (Women Accepted for Voluntary Emergency Service) during World War II. The collection includes a photograph album and a diary she kept during her first nine months in the WAVES from January-September 1944.

by Carolyn Shankle

Dr. Claire Kelleher

Claire Kelleher, emeritus faculty and loyal supporter of UNCG in many areas, passed in January 2021. Kelleher spent her formative years in Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, earning her B.A. from the University of Toronto and her M.A. from the University of Chicago. She continued to pursue her Ph. D. at the Courtauld Institute of Art in the University of London, specializing in mediaeval art history. Her dissertation, “Illumination at Saint-Bertin at Saint-Omer Under the Abbacy of Odbert,” remained the definitive work on this topic for the entirety of her active academic career. Kelleher began teaching at The University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Art Department, in 1968. Her courses focused on the classical, mediaeval, Northern Renaissance, and history of architecture. She traveled extensively, conducted research in Europe, and built the slide collection housed in the UNCG Art Department to more than 60,000 by the time of her retirement in 1995.

It was her wish that Walter Clinton Jackson Library have access to her book collection and make selections as desired. The Rare Book collections are fortunate to add the following facsimiles:

The Rohan Master: A Book of Hours
  • Les Psautiers Manuscrits Latins Des Bibliotheques,Publiques de France
  • Manuscripts from St. Albans Abbey 1066-1235, The Exultet Rolls of South Italy
  • The Exultet Rolls of South Italy
  • The Lorsch Gospels
  • The Pamplona Bibles
  • The Psalter of Robert de Lisle in the British Library
  • The Rohan Master: A Book of Hours
  • The St. Albans Psalter (Albani Psalter)
  • The Stuttgart Psalter, Biblia folio 23
  • Eugène-Emmanuel Viollet-le-Duc’s Dictionnaire Raisonné De L’architecture Française Du Xie Au Xvie Siècle.

by Scott Hinshaw

Dr. Ernestine Small

For the year 2020, the UNCG Institutional Memory Collection interviewed two African American pioneers on UNCG’s campus. In 1967, Dr. Ernestine Small became the first African American professor hired by UNCG. She was instrumental in the creation of the School of Nursing and its new BSN program, having been one of the first faculty members hired. Highlights of her interview include: her decision to join UNCG’s inaugural School of Nursing faculty rather than going to NC A&T State University; what it was like to work at UNCG as the first African American faculty member at a predominately white campus; her work in helping to create the first BSN and later, MSN, Nursing program and curricula at UNCG; and her impressive work in the Nursing field which continues today. Dr. Small is currently the Nursing Education Coordinator for the Shelby County Health Department in Memphis Tennessee.

It was through my conversation with Dr. Small that I was introduced to her friend, Dr. Aurelia Mazyck, another early African American professional at UNCG. Like Dr. Small, Dr. Mazyck began her career at UNCG in 1967, when she was hired as Assistant Director of the Demonstration Nursery Center and Infant Care Center. Dr. Mazyck was also working toward her doctoral degree in Child Development at UNCG at this time. She was later promoted to Director of the Training Center in 1972. Dr. Small and Dr. Mazyck became friends as Dr. Small also worked with the children at the Demonstration Nursery.

McIver statue wearing a face mask for COVID-19

In 2020, the UNCG Institutional Memory Collection interviewed several staff members, whose jobs were deeply connected with UNCG’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic. We discussed their normal (pre-pandemic) job duties as well as how their duties changed during the pandemic. Many staff members are also alumni or current students and we explored their experiences as students in these interviews as well.

Anita Warfford, Instructional Technology Consultant for the College of Arts and Sciences, discussed the work she performed in helping to prepare and assist professors who had to switch from an in-person to a remote learning environment in a matter of weeks when the university closed campus due to the pandemic. Ms. Warfford holds the MA degree in History from UNCG.

Maggie Capone-Chrismon, Assistant Director of Space Utilization and Planning, talked about her strategies and planning for the partial return to in-person classes which took place in the Fall of 2020. This involved careful planning as social distancing and other precautions severely impacted classroom capacity. Ms. Capone-Chrismon is a UNCG alumna, who holds the BS degree in Interior Architecture.

Megan Karbley, Assistant Dean of Students, was faced with the challenge of finding ways to help students stressed by the pressures of attending school during the pandemic and discusses the work of her office in supporting student well-being and success. Ms. Karbley holds BA and MA degrees from UNCG and is currently working towards her Ph.D. in Educational Leadership and Cultural Foundations at UNCG.

Dwayne Hines, Assistant Director for Building and Environmental Services, who is responsible for overseeing the work of facilities and housekeeping for Housing and Residence Life, which includes about 54 people working in 27 buildings (over 2 million square feet) across campus. Mr. Hines discussed the challenges of working during the pandemic to keep buildings cleaned to ever-evolving standards made necessary by the pandemic. At the time of the interview, Mr. Hines was currently pursing his undergraduate degree at UNCG and shares a wonderful story about taking a class with his daughter, who also attends UNCG!

The UNCG Institutional Memory Collection was especially fortunate to capture interviews with six students in the spring and summer of 2020, who shared the student perspective of attending UNCG during the pandemic.

Hunter Martin, Class of 2020, SGA President

Grant Fuller, Class of 2020, SGA At-Large Senator

Mohammed Hossain, Class of 2020, SGA Commuter Senator

Magnolia Long, Class of 2020, SGA Attorney General

Arianna Mendez, Class of 2020, SGA Senior Senator

Elizabeth (Peyton) Upchurch, Class of 2022, SGA Attorney General (after spring 2020)

The Collector

Michael Hughey’s connection to the Rare Book Collection began under Special Collections Librarian Emilie Mills. Their mutual friendship and her appreciation of his talents as a calligrapher led to the collaboration of his supplying the hand lettering of the covers for the Friends of the Library Annual Report during her tenure. In addition to his contribution on such a small publication, Hughey also ran Twin Dolphin Design, a graphic design and publishing studio, located in Asheville, NC. Among his more widely known contributions were those with Walter Hamady of Perishable Press Limited. Rare Books is fortunate to house those works in the Perishable Press Limited Collection and works from Hughey’s own Twin Dolphin Design in Special Collections.

Hughey’s love of beautiful letters, book design, illustration, and the tactile materials that are part of book construction led him to collect specific books. One such collection is the works of William Addison Dwiggins – a fellow calligrapher. Hughey describes Dwiggins and his contribution to book arts:

He studied under F.W. Goudy in Chicago at the Frank Holme School of Illustration about 1900 and followed Goudy to Hingham, Mass. when the Village Press was established. With a studio in Boston and work for D. B. Updike at the Merrymount Press, Dwiggins emerged in the mid-1920s as a book designer. He began his association with Alfred A. Knopf in 1926 and over the next thirty years was the most prolific of all book designers for A. A. Knopf, Inc. He developed an unconventional individual style of ornament. WAD, as he frequently signed his illustrations and designs, was calligrapher, illustrator, decorator, book-designer, book jacket-designer, and type-designer, a man of unique talents.”

The Collection

Hughey’s collection of Dwiggins’ output consists of over a hundred titles as well as promotional samples of his work. Dwiggins’ Layout in Advertising (1928) and the revised edition, both pivotal works in the development of graphic design, are included. Other works, such as Millennium I (1945) and The Power of Print – and Men, with Thomas Dreier (1936) add to our book arts holdings. Dwiggins’ influence in the development of typefaces in the early to mid-20th century, illustration, and support of calligraphy in the face of a highly mechanized book production methods did not go unrecognized. During his lifetime, the American Institute of Graphic Arts recognized him with an exhibition and book, The Work of W.A. Dwiggins (1937). Because of his long affiliation with Knopf as well as other publishers, this collection expands our holdings of the works by Willa Cather, Robert Nathan, and H.G. Wells.

Dwiggins’ edition of H.G. Wells’ The Time Machine: An Invention (1931) includes a new preface by Wells, specifically for this edition. This work, originally published in 1895 and is an early example of science fiction, has the following premise: The protagonist discovers that Time is a fourth dimension and builds a model in which he can explore it – what will he find?  Dwiggins’ illustrations provide a refreshed perspective on the futuristic visions of the author. Through his use of line, color, spacing, and typeface, Dwiggins’ hand influences many of the design choices book artists continue to make today. Bookbuilders of Boston, founded in 1937, renamed its highest award the Dwiggins Award:

The Dwiggins Award honors the exceptional contribution of one person out of a community of highly skilled and active people. It is awarded to someone who exemplifies the ideals of Bookbuilders; has the highest personal standards of craftsmanship and devotion to his/her work; has demonstrated an interest in and service to the bookbuilding community; has given “something extra” to his/her job or to Bookbuilders in terms of talent, brilliance, integrity, devotion, or helpfulness to others; and compares favorably with previous Dwiggins Award recipients.

Were Dwiggins to have use of Wells’ Time Machine, one wonders what he would think of how book arts have progressed. Hughey’s collection of Dwiggins’ works provides greater access to those innovative and influential examples.

by Audrey Sage

The Betty H. Carter Women Veterans Historical Project, established at The University of North Carolina at Greensboro in 1998, documents the contributions of women in the military and related service organizations since World War I. This project recently acquired three photo albums chronicling events and opportunities of individuals who served during World War II, belonging to Elna A. Jones, Arlene Mae Webb, and an album from California and Texas belonging to an unknown WAC. After consultation with the collection curator, Beth Ann Koelsch, it was decided the preservation specialist would preserve, as much as possible, the original format of the albums, while carefully extracting and removing the photos to ensure the protection and integrity of the items. The photo pages were housed in three ring binders. One of these contained a great collection of photos, all of which had been carefully and strategically taped onto acidic papers and inserted into polymer protective sleeves.

Unfortunately, over time, tape begins to degrade and the adhesive stains and damages that to which it was adhered.

In order to preserve these wonderful photos, the tape was carefully removed, the photos cleaned of any remaining adhesive agent, and the photos were mounted onto archival paper using archival corner mounts.  The original layouts of the photos were replicated, and the new pages were returned to the poly sleeves and original binder. Two of the photo albums received, contained photos mounted onto adhesion board with an overlay of mylar. This format of “magnetic-page photo album”, which became popular in the 1970’s and 1980s, is, unfortunately, still available and promoted for use. We know the way we store our photographs matters. The cheap cardboard pages, the adhesive, and the plastic covering all give off acids that over time, deteriorate the photos’ color, leave stains on the backs, and make it hard to remove photos without damaging them. This style of photo album has proven over time to be problematic in that the photos become fused with the adhesion and can be difficult to be removed.

Fortunately, with these two albums, the photos were able to be carefully removed from the backing and mounted onto archival paper with photo corners.

The original layout of the photo narrative was maintained. The newly constructed pages were then placed into poly sleeves and returned to the original binder.

To further protect these historic volumes, custom-built clamshell boxes were constructed to house each photo album.

The photographic history documented in these albums is now better preserved and available for research and appreciation of the contributions these individuals made who served in the military and other service organizations.

 
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